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  • 止血带在使用时有哪些需要注意的?
  • 本站编辑:杭州江浩医疗器械有限公司发布日期:2018-08-29 17:33 浏览次数:

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止血带是用于四肢大出血急救时简单、有效的止血方法,它通过压迫血管阻断血流达到止血目的。止血带的材质以橡皮条或橡皮管为好,不宜用布带、电线等无弹性的带子。绑扎位置应在伤口的上方(近心端),并尽量靠近伤口,以上臂的上1/3和大腿中上部为宜。小腿和前臂不能用止血带,因该处有两根骨头,血管正好走在两骨之间,起不到压迫血管的作用。上臂的中下1/3部位亦不能上止血带,因它可能引起神经损伤而致手臂瘫痪。可选择宽度至少5厘米(2英寸)的布带,当作止血带来使用。如果被迫使用更窄的线(电线或者是绳索)的话,必须垫上折叠多层的布料,以减少不适感,避免损伤神经或者肌肉。
The tourniquet is a simple and effective hemostatic method in the emergency treatment of massive hemorrhage of extremities. It can stop bleeding by compressing blood vessels and blocking blood flow. The material of tourniquet is rubber band or rubber tube. It is not suitable to use elastic tape such as tape and electric wire. The binding position should be above the wound (near the heart), and as close as possible to the wound, upper arm 1/3 and upper thigh is appropriate. You can't use a tourniquet on your calf and forearm because there are two bones, and the blood vessels are just between the two bones, so they can't compress the blood vessels. The middle and lower 1/3 of the upper arm can not be added to the tourniquet because it can cause nerve damage and cause paralysis of the arm. You can choose the width of at least 5 cm (2 inches) of cloth, as a hemostasis to bring to use. If you are forced to use a narrower line (wire or rope), you must fold the layers of fabric to reduce discomfort and avoid injuring nerves or muscles.
使用注意事项:
Points for attention:
1、止血带阻断血液流动,捆扎的时间过长会造成严重损伤甚至导致肢体坏死。
1. The tourniquet blocked the blood flow, the long time of binding will cause serious injury and even lead to limb necrosis.
2、止血带只能用于捆扎四肢,忌捆扎头部、颈部或躯干部。
2, tourniquet can only be used for strapping limbs, avoid strapping the head, neck or trunk.
3、不要遮住捆扎在肢体上的止血带。
3, do not cover the tourniquet strapped to the extremities.
4、检查血液的循环情况。绷带包扎完毕后,应经常检查脚趾或者手指,观察末端是否有发绀、皮温下降等现象。如果有应该松开,否则可引起组织坏死。
4. Check the circulation of blood. After the bandage is finished, the toes or fingers should be checked regularly to see if there is cyanosis at the end, skin temperature drops and other phenomena. If it should be loosened, it can cause tissue necrosis.
5、使用不当或使用时间过长,可造成远端肢体缺血、坏死,造成残废,为此,只有在出血剧烈,用其它方法不能止血时才能应用。
5. If used improperly or for a long time, it can cause distal limb ischemia, necrosis and disability. Therefore, it can only be used when bleeding is severe and other methods can not stop bleeding.